homesitemap
to remember me
Eldeer zhuz / Dulat /

Dulat

Botpai  Zhanys  Sikym  Shymyr  Zhankoilyk  Eskeldy  Shynkozha  Shokai  Karagai  Kuntu  Shilmembet  Baitana  Bekbulat  Zhanabai  Sambet  Zhiembet  Kokirek  Temir  Kyran temir  Urkinshi temir   Akberdi temir   Yklas temir   Koralas 

Their slogan was  “Baktiyar”, tamgha  (circle)

Dulat – one of the ancient and largest tribes of the Eldeer Zhuz. The ethnic basis of dulats was made by tribes of the West Turkic khaganate (VI century), known in written sources under the name "dulu" (five tribes of dulu and five tribes nushibi – inhabitants of Zhetysu). In 766 dulats were part of Kara-Khanid Khanate (766–1137), then Khitan (Kara-Khitai, 1137-1219) and only after that they were a part of Mongols.

In Russian sources the data about dulat appeared in XVIII century. In the description of tribal structure of Kazakhs, made by M. Tevkelev in 1778 is written that the Eldeer Zhuz consists of 10 tribes and among them all four main tribes of dulat are given: botpay, shymyr, sikymy, zhanys.

In turn these sorts consisted of the following subclans:

botpay— kudaikul, shagay, bidas, kuralas.

Shymyr — bekbolat, shynkozha, temir.

Zhanys- zharylkamys, shegir, otey, zhalmambet, zhantu, oymaut, zhantay.

Sikym— boras, togas, buas, shuyldak, kuspyrak, akylbek, kuttybay,eskeldi, esbol, kara.

According to the Agricultural Census from 1906 till 1912 Dulats there were 334 thousand people, including Aulieatinsky district - 60.8% of the Kazakh population, in the Verny district - 41%, in Shymkent - 32.8%, Pishpek - 93.7% of the Kazakh population. Based on the book by Vostrov V.V. and Mukanov M.S. 'The tribal structure and resettlement of the Kazakhs (late XIX - early XX centuries) ", " Nauka " Publishing house of the Kazakh SSR, Alma-Ata, 1968