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Polish legend about the origin of Kazakhs

Authors: Taizhan Dosanov (Kazakhstan, Almaty. Almaty), Amankos mektep tags (Poland, Poznan) Ref: dalaruh.kz/articles/view/240

Come up from the grave

Mouldering bones.

Let your spirit, body and strength come back.

Woroniez

In the beginning of August 2010 due to the president program “Bolashak”  Senior lecturer of Kazakh National University named after Al-Farabi, Kandidat of Philology Science Amankos Mektep-tags was sent to Polland for scientific internship. On the third day of his stay in Pollish Poznan-city , plenipotentiary ex-ambassador of Polland in Kazakhstan , a professor doctor Marek Gavenskyi showing city sightseeing took Amankos  Mektep-tegs and Saken  Nurbekov to the building where in past Pollish Academy of Science was situated. A magnificent goose statue drew attention of Amankos  Mektep-tegs (this statue was something in between a goose and a swan), that was located on the 3 story building façade roof.

Poznan citizens evidenced that this building was erected in 18 century by German builders and the city itself according to citizens was handed over in turn to Germans and Pollish for a few times. Intuitively, feeling a special significance of mysterious sculpture occurrence.  Amankos  Mektep-tegs sent sculptural compositions photos to Almaty-city by e-mail.

Scrupulously studying sacramental meaning of mysterious sculptural compositions we were shocked by extraordinary information that is contained. Increadibly, but these silent statues revealed a new Pollish legend on Kazakh origin. What information and how did we manage to get it?

The building façade roof is decorated with a sculptural group with a metal cutoff pyramid in the centre. A white goose with outstretched wings sits on the pyramid top. In Turkic mythology the world mountain Sumeru, called Temir tau, as well or Metal mountain (iron means Kara temir) or Altyn-tau or Golden mountain, that sometimes is presented in the form of the cutoff pyramid. At the pyramid foot there is a statue of a warrior commander with 2 more duplicates on both sides. All three statues are made with cutoff hands and legs proving that it is the forefather of Kock Turkic (Celestial Turkic) Ashina!

The three statues of the warrior commander prove some triplet, that is supported by triple plumes (feather decorations) as well on the helmets of all three satues .

Behind their backs implying wings 3 flags appear, namely three flags on each side that resembles 2 wings of oguz divided into uch-buzuk (3 buzuk) and uch-uchuk (3 uchuk). 2 oguz wings in our research were determined as Alty Alash  that means 6 space objects ( T. Dosanov. Runic mystery. 2009 p94-98, 171-174).

The statues mouths were closed with attached crosswise bandage that means the strict taboo to reveal information about sculptutal composition and correspondingly taboo to hand it over to uninitiated people.

Lower, inside the pediment (triangle part of the building façade) on the plate held by two lions the sign that means tied up tamga, formed from two is depicted:

Their meanings we will consider in details below.

The general appearance of the sculptural composition of Poznan building façade shows that the major figure of this set is the celestial bird Kazakh that is ( Kaz-goose+ Ak-nobel) that means a Noble goose or Swan ( T. Dosanov. Runic mystery p 79).

Celestial bird Kazakh is a competent master of Bengi Kokh Tengri that means Eternal Blue Sky, namely that part of Celestial sphere where the Ocean of Fresh Water is located. A little lower the top of the cut off pyramids representing the World mountain, there are two crossed branches, symbolizing the World Tree:

According to the legend, recorded by I. I. Kraft once exhausted troop left in the waterless steppe the ill military commander “Everybody felt sorry for Kolcha but could do and think up nothing so decided to leave him in the steppe under the good will. So the troop kept on their way. The day appeared to be extremely hot as a result every minute brought tortures to Kolchi but nobody could help and comfort the illman. Apparently, his death was coming. Getting together his last efforts awaring of unevitable death Kolcha kneeled and started praying asking the heaven to send him sooner death to get rid of terrible suffering. Suddenly he saw a miracle. In response to the unhappy veteran`s claims the heaven  opened wide and Kaz-Ak that means a White goose came down to him. It comforted Kolcha-Kadyr, flew for some water and quickly strengthened him so much that he stopped thinking about his suffering and misfortunes. Under the goose appearance one of good peries proved to be. Afterwards, this cute and merciful peri turned from the goose into a nice creature and stayed with Kolocha. As a result of Kolcha and good peri marriage people were born and their offsprings in memory of the extraordinary phenomenon that had happened to Kolcha  and his wife who is a parent and saver named themselves Kaz-Ak or Kaisak” (I.I.Kraft. Collection  of statutes on Kazakh of steppe regions. 1898, p2-3). In fact the name of the ancestor of Kazakh Kolcha-Kadyr  where kadyr means in ancient Turkic language 1) averted, rejected, 2) severe, cruel (Ancient Turkic glossary. 1969 p 403)- in general it means Remained Averted or Cruel (Death) and complies the situation in the legend.

Laying each sign out of 435 on another one of Ancient Turkic runic we managed to restore basic table Pichin in the form of synchronous (simultaneous) shear of runic graphic aspect, meanwhile the same signs, built up diachronically (successively) in defined by us order and read in hierographic meanings, form some sacramental text, ordering to find the Water Master and Fire Lord (Runic mystery, p32-34). The inserted in the basic table circle symbolizes Heavens. While searching Water Master the circle in the table splits up into halves, imitating open wide heavens in the legend on Kazakh people primogenitor. Inside the formed “gap” a Celestial bird appears by the most mysterious way:

Kazakh=Palindromes (palindromes= moving backwards, an ancient method of magic spell when a word while reading or pronouncing it forward and backward gives magic strength to a man).

Who is this Celestial bird and what part of heavens it can be found? Kushan tamga (heraldry sign)- Bird Circle presents Celestial Kazakh Bird. Analyzing graphic meanings of two aday tamga Kushan (Bird Circle) and Shylbyr (String, that means Tied up) it was found out that they together mean Summer Middle. Tied up together tamgas reflect the location of the little Bucket (constellation of the Little Bear) in the evening period of the middle of July. This interpretation correctness is proved by Kerderi tamga as well Kertery (Kert-markt eri-place=the Marked Place), fixing the location of the Little Bucket in the middle of summer.

Consequently, the Celestial Bird Kazakh presents some personification of the Bucket tied up to Polar star and corresponding revolving around it. It is necessary to keep in mind that all stars in the firmament revolve around the heaven axis passing not far from the South Cross through the Earth axis to the Polar star. Only the Polar star is immobite. The Celestial Bird Kazakh, presented in the form of the Little Bucket distributes fresh water for seasons:

Winter-Spring-Summer-Autumn

In the middle of the year season as soon as stars blaze the Little Bucket holds one of the above presented positions in the firmament. A particular interest should be paid to the fact that Kushan tamga-Bird Circle presents Celestial bird Mother Kazakh, hatching bisexual (male and female) Celestial Egg:

-symbolizing the Earth in the middle of summer! Celestial Egg is a space symbol In-Ian reflecting the Earth with all living inhabitants, while Celestial Bird Mother Kazakh is the Mother of all living creatures. Celestial Bird Kazakh-is the Turkic First Mother of fertility Umai Ana. In compliance with graphic sign composition, Umai symbol code constitutes all information relating to etymology of this word. In the combination of words Uma+ay the first part Uma in Kazakh means male testicles, the second part consists of the meaning ay=moon with a suprising ability to recur its copy (the moon phase) that came into the ground of the word ay+yel=a woman. So the Turkic symbol In-Ian (Essence-Opposite Side) unlike Chinese In-Ian  presents the particular space object, namely the Earth. While Celestial Bird Mother Kazakh (Swan) presents the Bucket constellation.

Celestial Bird Kazakh is the true Master (the Ocean of Fresh) Water. It is the bird that ancient Slavyan depicted inside the eight ray star with ellipse in the centre and called Sva Mother Bird (Aleksandre Asov. Slavyan runic “Bayan hymn”). Also it was depicted in the form of a Swan in ellipse form cage in grand grating!

Also it was depicted on the top of Slavyan god Radegast=Perun (Dmitryi

  Gromov, Aleksey Bychkov. Slavyan Runic literature. M. Sophia 2005). It is necessary to note that Slavyan God name Peryn-is Turkizm which etimology origins from Turkic bir, pir, per that means  one and correspondingly means Perun-the First, that is the First name of God!

Location of the statue of the forefather of Kok Turkic below Celestial Bird Kazakh tells that Ashina  is under her protection and patronage.

Chinese sources retained a legend about a 10-year old boy from Ashin clan, who became the forefather of Kok Turuk clan or Celestial Turkic “Ancestors of Tukues Home occupied the area from the west sea in the west and all together made up Aimak. It is a separate branch of Chunnu Home, called Ashina. Afterwards this clan was smashed by one neighbouring sovereign and absolutely destroyed. Only one 10-year boy was left. Warriors because of his infancy felt sorry to kill him. So they cut off his hands and legs and threw him into a grassy lake. A wolf started feeding him with meat. The soveign after he had found out that boy was still alive, send his people again to kill the boy. The warriors who saw the boy near the wolf wanted to kill her, too. At this moment according to Chinese sayings the wolf appeared in the country to the east from the western sea in the mountains located to the north-west from Gaochan. There was a cave in the mountains and inside there was a plain with thick grass all around. Mountains surrounded all 4 parts of the cave. Here the wolf hid and gave birth of 10 sons who when the time came married and all had children. Afterwards each of them formed a special clan. Ashina was from one of those clans. He had great abilities and was recognized as a sovereign. Why did he exposed a wolf head as a flag over the gates of his location-as it memory of his origin” (Bichurin Collection of information about people who lived in Central Asia in ancient times).

But on the building of exPollish Academy of Science together with a boy with cut off hands and legs we see Celestial Bird Kazakh instead of wolf. Consequently in the legend of Kazakh origin the ill commander Kadyr Kalcha who lost hands and legs in the battle was a representative of Ashina clan. The bandage on the mouth of the commander statue is the evidence that this information remained confidential. Correspondingly ordinary people and Chinese knew just altered version of the legend, where the commander Ashina clan was presented as a 10-year old boy who had been saved by wolf but not bird Kazakh.

Kok Turuk clan rulers-Celestial Turkic are representatives of clan Gadye or Adye (a-de, adye, achi, ediz) Clan tamga (Heraldy sign)-a-de (Zuev U.A. Horses tamgas from vassal principalities,1960, Works Etmography  Academy Kazakh SSR volume 8 p 132) actually consists of two tamgas of the ancient Kazakh clan Aday (T. Dosanov. Runic mystery. Almaty city. 2009.p 68). Lower tamga presents the World Mountain depicting the river coming from its top. Aday people call their major tamga which different graphic variations were depicted on tamga and gravestones.

Sadak-Okh-Arrow-Bow that exactly is depicted on the Upper tamga-Bow tamga inserted on the World Mountain, and correspondingly depicts Zhay-lightening ( in Kazakh language)-the major gun of Master of Water (Rain) presented by Celestial Bird Kazakh. Consequently A-de clan tamga is a graphic code of Master of Water or Celestial Bird Mother Kazakh.

Look at family tamga-Gadye (Aday) depicted on Ongin memorial. The ark in the upper part, called in ancient Turkic-uyug+ur=bent+rasing depicts firmament where the ocean of fresh water Og+Uz that means concealed+River is located. This tamga meaning became the basis of occurance  among Gaogui confederation a new name Uigur. Oguz nad Uigur-are synonims, presenting the space where not yet born children of Celestial Mother Kazakh live.

Khan`s tamga of Tukues clan-Gadye (Adai) presents depiction of a mountain goat with unreally long tail… Actually this part is a prompting to reveal the true meaning of this tamga. Moving apart the two tied up tamga we will see that it consists of Aday tamga-Shylbyr (Tied up) and stylized depiction of a hound dog Aday. In old spoken Hakas language the word Aday means a wolf. In ancient Turkic language it means a Chick or a child. These rudimentary (embry) meanings of the clan term is the evidence that one of totem Aday parents is, of course, a bird and according to tamga Shylbyr it is easy to identify that it is Celestial Bird Kazakh, tied to Polar star. According to remaining part of Gaydes tamga presenting a hound dog it is not hard to identify that the second totem parent of Aday was Wolf. Afterwards the same Khan`s tamga but with some changes ( a little longer paw  was added to the hound dog) was depicted on the memorial to Kul-Tigen.

It is important to note that Aday clan was a member of Oguz union of Tokyt Oguz clans, who had the same name tamga-Tokuz Oguz. In Runic Concept the circle according to the number of months of annual cycle of the Earth revolving around the Sun has numerical meaning 12 namely half of the circle-6, a circle quarter-3, all together in Oguz tamga there are 9 months. The neck circumference of the depicted bird-Kazakh makes up incomplete circle that also presents 9 months. It means that Celestial Bird Mother Kazakh should bear Aday (Chick, Child) in her belly for 9 months. Consequently, Celestial Bird Kazakh is Mother whose name is Woman!

On the Poznan city building pediment the tamga is depicted and as we mentioned before this tamga is formed of tied up two tamga Arrow+Bow. It should be noted that the tamga apparently reflects the moment of the arrow separation start from the bow shaft. The tied up tamga has the second meaning  namely Og(concealed) + Uz( river, ocean) that all in all means Oguz=Concealed River or Ocean of Fresh Water! Besides tamga has other secret meanings in which there is no need to go to the root in the frames of our article.

The true Master of Mysterious Ocean (where not only the souls of people who are sent to the earth or material world for the first time conceal, but also souls prepaired for reincarnation) is only she Celestial Mother Kazakh! It means that tamga Uigur also called Oguz=Concealed River is esoteric space where all children-chicks of  Celestial Mother Kazakh concealed. Today only a small part of them is called Kazakh and Kazak! The most part doesn`t remember that once they could fly.

On the basis of above presented materials the origin of ancient Turkic terms, such as Turuk-tied up to the firmament, or Kok turuk-celestial chosen ones (from tur-honoured chosen place) should be connected with Celestial Bird Kazakh.

Above the plate with tamga Ogonchic or Bow and Arrow, a tsar crown is depicted, inside it edges come up a sward and scepter which are evidence of tsar power unambiguously.

From the central part of the crown come out depiction of hands (Mother Kazakh hands) holding tightly the tamga bow and Arrow. It is noteworthy that the same tamga is depicted on the pediment for the second time. The tamga comes up against the upper pediment ledge, imitating Alshin tamga (Al+Shin= Take+Truth) or Ashina=(Ash+Shin=Reveal+Truth). This tamga is general for all Alshin people.

Combining general tribal tamga Alshin with tamga of any Alshin clan it is possible to get about the latter additional information.

According to Feofan Confessor “Hazar is a great nation origin of Bersilin”. The name of Alshin clan Bersh in Arab sources was spelled in different ways like brsh or brs. The country in Arab sources called Bersylia or Al Barshalia was situated on the territory of modern Dagestan. Berst+ il is sometimes called Basyl (bas-major+il-clan). It means in Hazary Ashin clan was ruling that ruled in the Caucasus since the period of Bumyn-Kagan and Istemy-Kagan ruling. For power in Kaganate Dulu (Tulu) clan was struggling as well. This clan was a member of Gaoguy from which actually was formed the union of clans Tokuz Oguz, called hoihor (uigur) in Chinese chronicles. Pletnev gives such information: “ Kubrat belonged to Dulo (Dulu) clan, who in Turkic Kaganate was struggling for power against the ruling Ashina clan” (S. A. Pletnev, Hazars. Moscow. 1976 p 21).

Poznan sculptural composition may lead to a supposition that Bird Kazakh had three sons. Kazakh people from ancient times are divided into three clans (dzhuz). In ancient time  Alshin lived in Semirechie in Chinese chronicles they were called da-uechzi or biuechzi. However, in text of Ili memorial the clans, occupying these lands called themselves Az or Azeli. It should be noted that Chinese often misrepresented the names of their neighbours. In 3 century Ussuni started moving to Semirechie area. Afterwards they are called Great Clan. Only the Dzhuz, whose nomad encampments were located closer to the conventional model of World mountain. According to Turkic conception, the mountain buztag where the Golden throne Tengri was erected was twice as higher as neighbouring mountains. On the whole territory of ancient settlement of Turkic nomads the mountain that is twice as higher as neighbouring ones and unconditionally corresponded the name World mountain Tengri throne was recognized as Khan Tengri=Ruler Tengri, exactly on this mountain was erected a golden throne where Tengri mounted.

It would be interesting to know what wave of people movement were Pollish ancestors, who left on Poznan building façade the mysterious information about their origin. Without taking into account frequent movements of Asian Scythians before the new era the first big wave of Asians movement to Europe was caused by Atilla marches in 441-453. As a result a big quantity of warriors stayed on the conquered lands, assimilating inevitably. It should be noted that nomads moved to Europe together with their families (by carriages). History tells one case when Attila`s greatgrandson , the son of Bulgarian Khan Kobrat-khan Asparuch together with his ord moved from neighbouring to Black sea steppes to Dunai where they united with blood related Duleb Slavyan and created Bulgaria. The second big wave of nations movements was caused by Istemi marches under Bumyn kagan rulling in 552. On the memorial to Kul-Tigin after references to Bumyn kagan an Istemi kagan marches there are such  “forward from Kadyrkhan Plateau back to Iron Gates we settled them”. Iron Gates mean Hazar Derbent.

Since the collapse of Hazar Kaganate, caused by oppression of steppe nomad Hazar (black Hazar) there was continuous their drive back to the west to Turkey, Serbia, Hungury, Polland, Germany and Lithuania. Most likely skillfull and fearless Hazar warriors applying for citizenship were warmly welcomed everywhere. There is an opinion that hussars appeared in Hungary in the second half of 15century when the king Matyash Korsh the Turkish winner fixed the state duty. It was called in Hungarian “hussar” that etymolizes from husz-twenty and ar-money.

This money allocated for each 20th of the list of noblemen who had to serve in the army. But in our opinion this quite late etymology is not true. Ancient Turkic called the warriors with attached (later fastened) wings hussar (it could sound like Kusar or gusar under the law of Turkic synharmonism). So it is not accidental that in the north of Azerbaydzhan there is the city Qusar. The distance from Qusar to Derbent is 49 kilometres . Recollecting  the line from memorial to Kul-Tigen “forward to Kadyrkhan plateau back to Iron Gates we settled them”, it should be noted that it was ex-territory of Turkic Kaganate.

We should not exclude etymology of the term kusar from kus+ar that means “noble bird”, i.e. Kazak, made up by analogy with the term Hazar. It should be noted that the term Hazar comes from Kazar=Kaz+ar in the meaning Noble goose, taking into account that sound (h) came to Turkic after Islam was accepted. That is the terms Kazak and Kazar are synonims. It is noteworthy that in the west of Azerbaydzhan there is the city Kazakh (Qasar). Also it should be noted that according to the information of Byzantine Emperor Konstantin Bagryanorodnyi (905-959) in the Caucusus there was the country Kazakhia “Upper Zihiya there is the country named Papagia, upper Papagia country there is the country named Kazakhia upper Kazakhia there are Caucusus mountains”.

Phonetically the word kusar, pronounced by  Kazakh will be heard by a non-Kazakh exactly as Gusar. There is one more important circumstance related to the fact that the word Kusbird in Turkic languages only among Kazakh is pronounced through (s) in the end of the word whereas the same word among the rest Turkic is pronounced Kush, Gush with the sound (sh) in the end of the word. One more fact is important namely European hussars obligatory although saved their beardstheir ancestors-true kussar did not have to do it as they were Kose-beardless and only moustache grew up.

Afterwards, Kussar offsprings, born in mixed marriages had to shave beards. In Pollish army Hussars were considered to be elite, distinguished by mad bravery.

 

 

Also winged riders were in Osmanly army called deli-crazy but not Kussar. The Turkish pair formant of denial –deil (not) mat be used separately, as well namely either in joky deli that means mad terrors or in contempt form uous form deli-mindless. The major part of true winged Hussars settled in Polland since ancient times, that is witnessed by the Poznan building sculptural composition unambiguously. More over, the best Hussars were awarded with nobleman titles so they spared neither forces nor lives for the interests and well-being of Pollish state.

Polish king Stephan Batoryi (1576-1586) concerning Hussars arming instructed as follows “those soldiers who will serve as Hussars should have good horses, so going to the war he should mount a horse with a spear, in armor, elbow cover, helmet, with a shot gun with a sabre, Konchar or a broadsword”. It is a typical portrait of a nomad warrior. It is known that a long Pollish sword Konchar was borrowed by Slavyan from Turkic. Besides, a Pollish zhupan or quilted dressing gown has common roots with the old Kazakh clothes syrylgan shapan ( a quilted dressing gown lined with camel or sheep clothing). Thus consisting of Kazak clans, were warring in the troops of Stephan Batoria, Ian Sapegi and Hetman Hodkevich, Stephan Batoryi in 1579-1582 was a commander of Pollish troops during the Livon war and gained a number of victories over Russian troops. Invading the Russian territory and besieging Pskov unsuccessfully he concluded the peace with Ivan 4 under which Russia rejected its claims for Livonia. Ivan Terror in his message to Stephan Batoryi hinted a lot that the latter was the Turkkish sultan`s vassal (for example “That you request tribute comes out of basurmanskyi custom, as Tatar make such requests while Christian states do not do it”) that caused a sharp Batoryi answer ”It is funny that you recollect basurmanstvo so much taking into account the fact that you mixed up your blood with us and whose ancestors were licking Tatar mare milk”. It should be noted that Europe and USSR for a long time applied the term Tatars to Turkic nations that was the synonym of the present term Turk that for the first time started being used in 1920 in Baku city. Nevertheless, the title page of school textbooks (1950-60) of Kazakh or Azarbaidzhan languages noted  (for Tatar school) if I am not mistaken.

Polish king Stephan Batorya surname comes from Turkic Bator-a hero. This lexem truth is evidenced by the Runic text of the second Enisey memorial, where it is presented in the form of batur or bator-a hero. In Turkkic Runic vowels (o) and (u) were presented by one sign=o,u.

Unbelievably, but the Pollish name Kazimir is Turkic, as well. It is formed from Goose-Kaz+Imir-Emir=Goose Sovereign. The first mother of all living creatures, totem bird Kaz is really the master of all living creatures on the Earth. This name owner, of course, was protected well as in fact it was an appeal to the Celestial Bird and Contained secretly a request “Keep safe, Kazimir-Goose+sovereign”. Pollish people liked the name Kazimir because they heard in it Slavyanian Kazi+mir that means Showing+Peace, Declaring+Peace, Bringing+Peace. Although as a rule the names of Tatar clans representatives such as Alshin, Zhalair, Naiman, Uishun as well as Tatar mistsislav and Tatar klets were obligatory changed inti Pollish. We are really grateful of Professor Henrich Iankovskyi for the book by Stanislav Dziadulevich.

In Polland nobody could tell anything relating to the Poznan-city sculptural composition building. In 1855 in Lvov-city a book by Nesetskyi  “Heraldry of Polland” edited by Hipolit Stupnitskoy was published. It presents Heraldic arms of Pollish noblemen. The book by Nesetskyi shows the arms Ogonchic (p 196) that undoubtedly corresponds the sign informated, presented on the Poznan building façade.

 

Nesetskyi describes it as follows “In the red field the half of the white arrow flying out of the ring half. On the helmet there are two girl hands coming out of the crown. Ogonchic clan origins from Odrovonzhev clan in Maravia that is reflected by both clan arms with a little difference. This arms is sometimes called Pogonchic maybe because of  chasing the enemy of humiliation of a heathen (Pollish poganin) that now it is impossible to identify as it comes from ancient times. This arms is used by Avgustinovskyi, Balinskyi, Bialobloyskyi, Behovskyi, Bloh”.

Unfortunately, in the arms depiction by Nesetskyi the tamga in female hands as well as the sklptre are missing as a result no information that the clan owning such tamga is under the protection of Celestial Bird Kazak. As on the throne, presented by the World mountain Sumeru, depicted in the form of cut off pyramid, Celestial Bird Kazak sit and the crown belongs only to her.

100 noble surnames belong to the Ogonchic clan. What does this word mean? The book by V. A. Darovskyi “Znaki pieczetne ruskie” namely the table 8 in the picture number 113 shows tamga-Ogonchic and pages 27-28 give a comment stating that the name of tamga has the meaning such as Fire, Non-Chistian, Tail.

Consequently, in the Pollish language one of the meanings of the word Ogonchic is fire. But it is just a clue, the key word. As we mentioned above the tamga, depicted on the Poznan building belongs to Kazakh clan Aday. The key word Aday in the ancient Turkic language means a chick. In Runic Conception  the chick of Celestial Bird Kazak hatches in the hottest month of the year, i.e. in Fire=Od+Ay=month. The concept Fire Month in Runic Conception  is presented graphically by the Cross in the bossom of the half moon that informs about a half or the middle of the month (July). But in the middle of the month the moon is full! It means that the term Ogonchic means Aday-Chick, that hatched in the hottest month of the summer and actually it is the meaning of tamga itself Od+Ay-Fiery+Month sometimes digitized in the depiction of the equal ray Cross. By the way Iakut people have the Oday clan and referring to B. O.  Dolgich, the River Amga drainage basin population still calls themselves Odaytsi.

There is the second meaning of Ogonchic arms “ This arms is sometimes called Pogonchic because of either the enemy chasing or humiliation of the heathen”, unambiguously evidences that this tamga owners were nomads in the past. It should be noted that Russian chronicles call nomads “non-Christian”, although it is truly known that Russ were in quite close relations with their southern neighbours.

We have considered materials evidencing the ancient movement of Kazakh nation to Europe. Difference of languages, cultures, traditions and religions of actually absolutely different nations did not hinder to unite Pollish and Kazakh, i.e. Turkic and Slavyanian.

P.S. Having read the article Marek Gavenskyi found in Internet some brief information about this building, named Dzyalynskyi Palace. The Palace was built in the late 1770s ( in the place where two medieval houses were located) with money of Great Litovskyu Principality marshal Vladislav Gurshyi who most likely was springing from Ogonchic clan. It should be noted in the Great Litovskyu Principality great quantities of alshin, zhalair, naiman and uishuni lived, part of whom assimilated among Pollish others among Belorussians and Russians. The Palace is made in the classiacal Baroque style between 1875-1887 designed by Antonyi Hone. From 1808 to 1872 this place belonged to a very rich and powerful family Dzialynskyi from Ogonchic clan and after to Zamoiskyi family.